KPIs to Measure ROI from Data Analytics Initiatives

When it comes to calculating the return on investment (ROI) for big data initiatives, tracking your efforts on a granular level is no easy task.

The challenge is, businesses invest in big data projects for all kinds of reasons. Many have multiple projects going on at once, each in varying stages of maturity, targeting a completely different set of business problems.

As such, measuring the effectiveness of data analytics can’t happen in a single report, nor can you rely on a uniform set of metrics. While KPIs are essential for aligning big data analytics initiatives to business goals and outcomes, it can be hard to focus on the ones that count.

Here, we’ll explain how to measure big data analytics’ ROI, one use case at a time.

What Does Success Mean to You?

The first step in calculating the ROI of data analytics is to define “success” within the context of your organization and the use cases you’re pursuing.

Consider all of the ways that data—or insights, rather—has either directly or indirectly contributed value to your organization. Think back to your organization’s big picture objectives. Chances are, these efforts span multiple departments and use cases — each requiring a different set of metrics for tracking its impact.

What business problems were they meant to solve? What made you pursue this initiative in the first place?

On a surface level, consider whether internal processes have gotten easier, faster, or more accurate. For instance, are your data-driven decisions delivering better outcomes? Are social media metrics on the rise?

You might start by measuring the impact of those noticeable gains, then move into other areas. It’s worth noting that KPIs are central to helping organizations unlock the value hiding in big data sets. They allow you to prioritize the information that best fits your goals–making it easier on teams to dig deep into relevant data while keeping the “noise” out of the picture.

How Is Data Being Used?

Once you’ve identified your target use case(s) and the metrics that represent success, you’ll want to look at how employees are currently using data.

How are employees currently leveraging big data to improve performance or deliver improved customer outcomes? Where are they falling short?

Consider looking at individual performance data to get a sense of whether different analytics, BI tools, or training tactics are needed.


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Get a Realistic Picture of the Costs

Another big part of measuring the ROI of data analytics is looking closely at all related expenses before digging into the KPIs. Make sure you’re not overspending on areas with little impact on the bottom line–i.e., spending too much to acquire new leads, wasting money on cloud storage meant for smaller data sets, etc.

Becoming a data-driven organization typically requires significant investment in training and upskilling programs. While training comes with the benefit of decreasing employee churn, saving money, in the short-term, educating the workforce is expensive. Keep in mind that it may take a long time to see the payoff.

How much have you spent on software, sensors, equipment, and devices to support this initiative? Here, you’ll want to look at everything from monthly SaaS subscriptions to cloud storage to how much you’ve spent on devices, security solutions, and so on.

While many of these components are essential investments, you might uncover opportunities to cut costs by upgrading or eliminating certain solutions.

Consider the Intangibles

Beyond the direct costs of launching a big data initiative, think about the factors that aren’t so easy to measure, but important nonetheless. For example, consider what your business will lose if you put off adoption or your initiative fails. What happens if you’re not the first in your industry to embrace next-gen data analytics? What can machine learning, AI, NLP do to help you lock in the competitive advantage?

Do note that innovation (or lack thereof) is closely linked to employee retention. Talented employees will likely move on to companies that value innovation and invest in their success.

Additionally, not investing in data analytics solutions can put your business at risk.
You might rack up fines due to regulatory non-compliance with CCPA and GDPR or arrive at work one day and find that your operational equipment has been hacked.

Maybe you’ll fall victim to a data breach and spend days trying to identify and contain the malware responsible for the attack.

On the flip side, you’ll want to evaluate existing solutions for these indirect benefits, too. You might measure employee satisfaction, and over time, track retention rates against positive gains.

Or, you might get together with your security team to find out how the increased visibility into your network has allowed them to detect more threats faster.

Examples of Data Analytics KPIs Based on Common Use Cases

In these next few sections, we’ll look at some examples of how you might measure the ROI of data analytics, based on what you’re trying to achieve.

Operational Efficiency

In an industrial setting, achieving operational efficiency might mean reducing overtime hours, delivering products to market faster, streamlining production processes. You might analyze sensor data, overhead, indirect expenses, machine performance, downtime, and environmental conditions, though it’s worth noting operational KPIs might look different depending on whether you’re running the production line or the HR department.

Operational KPIs might include:

  • Downtime
  • Cost-savings
  • Time-to-market
  • Overtime hours
  • Cycle time
  • Maintenance costs
  • Production volume
  • Capacity utilization
  • Number of defects

360-Degree View of the Customer

A 360-degree view provides brands with customer insights from every angle, allowing them to develop a nuanced understanding of what motivates customers, how to predict and prevent churn, address pain points, and deliver personalized, contextual experiences.

Marketers use customer data to experiment with different types of messaging.

This allows them to determine which message works best for each segment, which solutions best align with customer interests, and which factors converge to drive the most conversions.

In sales, understanding buyer needs, pains, and motivation allows them to adapt solutions and strategies to the individual customer.

AI-enabled platforms can calculate propensity to buy and make recommendations based on
historical data–thus improving buyer engagement and relationships with existing clients.

In terms of data analytics KPIs, both marketing and sales benefit from the 360-view, though each team prioritizes different metrics. Marketing connects performance to campaigns, content, and conversions, while sales is more concerned about close rates and revenue. Still, there’s a lot of overlap, as understanding the buyer is essential for both departments.

Example KPIs:

  • Net Promoter Score (NPS)
  • Sales
  • Average deal size
  • Revenue by campaign
  • Revenue by channel
  • Churn rate
  • Customer Lifetime Value by segment
  • Acquisition and retention costs by segment

Fraud Detection

If we’re talking about bank fraud, organizations often cite faster fraud detection and minimizing their impact as their top goals. Whereas retailers like Amazon, Best Buy, and L.L. Bean use data analytics to take on return fraud.

KPIs might include:

  • Chargeback rates
  • Cart abandonment rates
  • Number of fraud attempts
  • Average fraud score
  • Order approval rates

Patient Outcomes

In healthcare settings, big data analytics is becoming an essential tool for driving systematic improvements to the patient experience.

Facilities might look toward big data analytics to reduce instances of unnecessary medical procedures, monitor population health, and eliminate billing and prescription errors.

Doctors are increasingly using predictive analytics as a diagnostic tool, and there’s the NIH Precision Medicine Initiative, which helps doctors learn how genetics, lifestyle, and environmental conditions determine which treatments a patient will respond to best.

The use cases don’t end there (here’s a list,) which means, within a single hospital system, choosing the right big data analytics KPIs is essential for ensuring doctors and admins receive only the most relevant information.

Healthcare KPIs might include:

  • Average hospital stay
  • Average cost of care
  • Hospital readmissions
  • ER wait times
  • Emergency room costs
  • Number of billing errors
  • Turnover rates
  • Patient safety
  • Deaths

Final Thoughts

Done right, data analytics can reveal the exact value big data brings to the table, and how long it will take before you see a return on investment.

Measuring the ROI of your big data initiative is more about the business objectives you’re hoping to achieve and the metrics and tools used to measure success than looking at big data as a monolith.

Data analytics KPIs help companies focus on the right information, so they’re not getting bogged down by security logs, vanity metrics, or the endless noise generated by an ever-growing number of IoT devices.

Whether you’ve already implemented several big data projects or you’re still working out the specifics of your very first pilot program, Tiempo’s experts can help you stay focused on the big data analytics KPIs that count. We’ll work with your team to continuously measure and improve your big data projects and set the stage for lasting success. Contact us today to find out more about our services.